All About Sinus Infection Allergy
One of the common symptoms when you have allergy is sinus infection. When you come in contact with substances such as mold, pollen or dust, your body stimulates antibodies resulting in sinus congestion. Sinus infection is the result of immune activity or response of the body to remove the respiratory allergen. When you sneeze, the allergen is blew out.
How Allergy Leads to Sinus Infection?
When not given proper treatment it can result in a disease called sinusitis. This is developed when the bacteria in sinus cavities take in the mucus and multiply in numbers. They can also get in into maxillary sinuses situated in the forehead and replicate. The mucus turn into thicker and become green or yellow in color. The accumulation of this mucus causes trouble while breathing and generates pain.
Sinus infection is caused by the bacteria that belong to either Staphylococcus species or Streptococcus species. However, the disease can be cured with medications. The antibiotics the help prevent the bacterial activity include Cephalosporins, Bactrim, penicillin antibiotics, quinolone based antibiotics such as Cipro and medications involving erythromycin. Some bacteria will be very resistive and it may require trying out two or three antibiotics to know the nature of bacteria and to what medication it is sensitive.
Allergy and sinus infections can be determined by conducting a skin testing. In this, the allergen is inserted beneath the skin through a needle and check for response for twenty four hours. If you find any reaction on the area where the allergen was inserted, then you develop an allergy to the allergen. Normally, the area where needle was punctured would turn red or there will be an induration on skin. The doctor can suggest the substances causing allergy that you should stay away from or can prescribe antihistamines.
How to Treat ?
The best medicine to cure allergy and sinus infection is antihistamines. These prevent the histamine receptors that stimulate mucus production in the respiratory tract. A common antihistamine medication that is available in most medical stores is Benadryl. The medicine can make you tried after a while if you have it. Another similar antihistamine is chlorpheniramine which would also make you tired upon having it.
Luckily, there are many antihistamine medications available in the market that wound not make you tired. Clantin and Zyrtec are two of them which are found in most local stores. These also prevent the histamine receptors in the respiratory tract.
Who Develops Allergic Sinus Infections ?
It can develop in people of all ages. Babies born with sinuses are more likely to get sinus infections when they become allergic to something. The chances of getting sinusitis in elderly people are rare. However, youth should be cautious because allergies can occur easily in them. Allergy and sinus infection are not generally dangerous. However, if not given attention, it can spread to other parts of the body, even to brain. So if the symptoms are found, treat as earliest as possible Identifying the root cause of allergy would help you resolve the problem either by avoiding the substances containing the allergen or using antihistamines.