Arthritis is a condition that causes joints inflammation, including the joints of fingers and hands also. The main symptoms of hand or finger arthritis are stiffness and pain in finger joints.
Fingers are a really important part of our day-to-day life. Starting from brushing the teeth in the morning, sending email, and cooking, everything is done with fingers. And when these fingers do not function in a proper way how they should work, they make our daily tasks difficult to do.
So, in this article, we will explore everything about arthritis in fingers. We will look at its symptoms, signs, treatment etc.
Types of Finger Arthritis
There are mainly 3 types of arthritis that show its effect on fingers. These are:
This type of arthritis is also known as wear and tear arthritis. It is a very common kind of finger arthritis. In this, people have eroded cartilage which ultimately makes their bones expose around the joints.
#2. Rheumatoid Arthritis
This type of arthritis is completely different from the previous one. Rheumatoid Arthritis is a kind of auto-immune disorder that may cause several problems. It generally causes inflammations in the soft tissue which surrounds the joints of fingers.
In this condition, crystals get developed in the joints of the body. When someone’s metabolism is not working properly, uric acid increases in the body and tends to accumulate and form such crystals in the joints.
What are the first signs of arthritis in fingers?
The symptoms of finger arthritis may consist of the following:
- Feeling warm when touched on the joints
- Bumps in the fingers
- Tingling and numbness
- Nail changes
- Audible sound from the fingers
- Cold feeling fingers
Risk Factors and Causes of Finger Arthritis
Some of the known risk factors of finger arthritis are as follows:
- Smoking: People who frequently smoke are at a greater risk of having rheumatoid arthritis.
- Injury: Acute injuries or some repetitive finger activities may also cause damage to the joint. It ultimately causes arthritis.
- Age: People with more age are generally at higher risk of having such issues.
- Infection: Certain type of infections also lead to joint issues and thus cause arthritis.
- Sex: Certain arthritis types are more commonly seen in females as compared to males.
Treatments for Finger Arthritis
When you notice the symptoms of finger arthritis, you should take early treatments to avoid the need for surgery. These treatments may include the following:
#1. Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
Doctors generally prescribe these for joint pain in the fingers. These medications help people in decreasing joint inflammation or swelling, along with reducing the pain around fingers. However, you should always consult your doctor before starting any medicine.
#2. Joint Supplements
Chondroitin and Glucosamine act as building blocks for cartilage. However these types of supplements are safe for use, but their effectiveness is still not evident. But it may help some people.
#3. Cortisone Injections
It is a very powerful medication that acts as an anti-inflammatory agent. These injections are not recommended to take frequently, but they can help a lot in treating arthritis pain.
#4. Hand Therapy
You can book an appointment with an occupational therapist and go for such hand therapy. This therapy will help you in maintaining movement and also prevent joint stiffness in fingers.
#5. Hot and Cold Treatment
Many people find this method effective for getting relief from joint stiffness and bettering movement. In finger arthritis, using a warm and clean cloth on the affected areas can help a lot.
Splinting is good for resting and relaxing the joints. You should perform splinting for limited periods to allow your joints to relax and not be stiff.
Can you get arthritis in just one finger joint?
In general, arthritis is a symmetrical disease. It means that if anyone has swollen index finger of the left hand, then the right index finger will also be showing symptoms. So, we cannot say that arthritis can be there in just one finger.
Can you reverse arthritis in your fingers?
We cannot reverse arthritis completely, but we can slow down its progression rate and associated symptoms using certain treatments. This way, you can manage the condition. So, if you are getting the right treatment, it will ease your stiffness and pain and help improve the movement.
Can you get rid of the arthritis bumps on your fingers?
These bumps are usually red, swollen and painful at the beginning. They cause difficulty in bending fingers or completely straighten them. The pain eventually goes away and leave behind the protrusion on your finger permanently. For removing these protrusions, surgery is to be done. Only surgeries can do the removal of such bumps.