Congenital Heart Disease


Facts and Causes of Congenital Heart Disease

There are a number of vital organs in the body that one cannot function without and the heart is one of them. When a child is born for the most part they have a healthy and completely functional heart. However, this isn’t always the case. It is because the hearts of some children fail to develop properly at birth, which causes congenital heart disease. As per statistics, 9 out of every 1,000 children are born with a defective heart every year. In addition to that there are a minimum of 35 types of heart defects that they could be suffering from. The following sections discuss various aspects of this disease.

Understanding the Disease

The most vital point that one needs to remember is the fact that one needs to understand the disease. To begin with, congenital heart disease is a defect that is present in the child’s heart when they are born. In most cases, when it is necessary it can be rectified by using corrective surgery. Otherwise the child is allowed to grow up and when they are strong enough to withstand surgery it would be performed on their heart. For instance, open heart and closed heart surgery techniques are employed to help the heart become completely functional.

Corrective Surgeries

As mentioned earlier on, there are a number of corrective surgeries that are conducted in order to set right these defects. Some of them include:

  • Ventricular septal defect
  • Patent ductus arterious
  • Coarctation of the aorta

The first corrective surgery is to rectify the ventricular septal defect. Here the ventricular septum that exists between the right and left ventricles in the lower chamber has a hole. In most cases, by the time a child reaches the age of 8 years this hole closes up and do not require any surgery. However, this is dependent on the placement of the home as well. If large VSDs or smaller ones situated in certain parts could cause inflammation of the heart or failure. The only way to set this problem right would be to go in for heart surgery.

There is another heart condition where the natural blood placed between the pulmonary artery and the aorta is known as the ductus arterious.  This small opening closes a while after but there are cases where this might not happen. In order to set this right, you could get corrective surgery done. During this process a surgeon would insert small tubes in the artery situated in the leg all the way up to the heart. After that a metal coil is inserted into the artery.

Repair of the coarctation of the aorta is another way in which the aorta would have a narrower section. In order to repair this defect a small incision is made on the left side of the child’s chest which is placed between their ribs. There are a number of other techniques that are being used to resolve this problem. These are a few basic facts regarding congenital heart disease.