Complications of Severe Constipation

| May 23, 2013

Know the Complications of Severe Constipation

The condition when you experience short small stools or no stools is called constipation. However chronic constipation is characterized by stomach pain, bloating, abdominal pressure, nausea as well as other discomfort. Apart from these, there are several other complications of severe constipation that needs to give care and attention before they put you in further trouble. Here are some of them.

Fissures in Anus

During chronic constipation when you try to pass hard or large stools, the skin on the anal canal may tear and split which leads to anal fissures. These can occur not only in adults, but also children and elderly suffer when not treated properly. The symptoms of chronic constipation are rectal bleeding and stool passing with pain. They may cry out of sever pain. There would be some blood in the toilet after use.

It is often difficult to treat this problem and hence a medical attention is needed as soon as possible. In most cases, you may experience itching around the anus and would get irritated. Using a petroleum jelly or sitting in a warm bath would get you temporary relief from the symptoms. It is important to do something for softening the stools in order to reduce constipation, else bleeding will occur.


One of the main complications of severe constipation includes hemorrhoids which are characterized by the red and swollen veins around the rectum. Hemorrhoids can develop in people of all age groups. The major signs of this disorder are bleeding, severe pain as well as itching.

Hemorrhoids develop due to repeated straining and applying pressure for stool passage. It can occur inside and outside the anus. Once it has occurred in an individual, it may or may not develop in future.  When there is no strain applied, the veins can contract and may go off automatically. Treating hemorrhoids require the use of lasers or banding. Sometimes, a surgery would be required.

Fecal Impaction

The condition when a larger amount of stools are accumulated in the colon that makes it hard to pass them out is called fecal impaction. The situation needs immediate medical care and need the attention of doctors. During fecal impaction, the patient may experience discomforts like vomiting, fever, swollen abdomen and loss of appetite. The disorder can be treated by minimizing the blockage. Various treatments for fecal impaction include suppositories, enemas or manual removal using finger. The treatment may span up to two days since all the wastes has to be removed from colon.

Over-Sized Intestine

When stools are held back over a long period of time, the condition leads to large sized intestine known as mega colon. The repeated build up of wastes in the colon increase its shape and size to an abnormal size. When ignored for a long time, it is difficult to shrink back to normal size. The patient can lose the sense of bowel movements (which push the stools out) since the muscles in colon fail to contract. Mega colons needs to be treated immediately and can be consulted a gastroenterologist to avoid complications of severe constipation.