Signs And Symptoms of Menopause

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Signs and Symptoms of Menopause

How will you know you are in Menopause?

Lisa Paul, in 52, was happy because she had fulfilled all her responsibilities as a mother. Now she was thinking to join dance classes. But due to unexpected signs and symptoms of menopause, she has to leave the idea.

These sudden changes in her health were compelling her to give up her passion. She did not have periods for a long time, and now she was experiencing hot flashes and sleep disorder.

Was confused, what’s wrong with her?

Immediately consulted her doctor. There she came to know she is experiencing the signs and symptoms of Menopause and undergoing the menopausal transition.

The average age of Menopause is 40 to 45. Women in 40 or more age, start having the perimenopause symptoms, which is the standard part of their age. Most of the women do not consider it a disease; they even feel relaxed then, they have not to undergo the painful periods or pregnancy now.

Women with good health may not experience any problem with menopausal symptoms, but others may feel irritability, hot flashes, pain during intercourse, or mood swing.

Now let’s understand what Menopause is?

Menopause means the end of the menstrual cycle, the end of getting pregnant. It is just a physical change that comes before you get your periods permanently.

Some women could have it early if they underwent any ovary removing surgery. In case women get Menopause early because of any surgery or therapy reason, it is called pre-menopause.

Why Menopause?

Every woman has eggs by her birth, and her ovary carries these eggs. Her ovary also secretes hormones like estrogen and progesterone which are responsible for controlling her menstrual cycle. Once the ovary does not make eggs in a month, the menstruation process ends.

When ovary permanently stops making eggs, the menstrual periods are also stopped permanently, and the process of Menopause starts.

Signs and Symptoms


Common Signs and Symptoms of Menopause:

#1. Hot Flashes:
The first sign of Menopause is hot flashes which mean sudden warm feeling or redness on a different part of the body like neck, ears, chest, and face. Sweating and blushing are common signs in Menopause.

#2. Mood Swing:
Sudden mood changes (happy or depressing) are another sign of Menopause. Due to hormonal changes, there is a significant change in the mood of women, and sometimes it may lead her to depression.

#3. Frequent Urine:
She may feel like pee in a short duration, and sometimes she may get pee leak while sitting or bending, when she passes the pee, she feels like incomplete and urges more.

#4. Pain while doing intercourse:
Women undergoing the menopausal transition often feel like pain while doing intercourse. She also has a low libido mood in this duration.

#5. Sleeping Disorder:
Women in Menopause have difficulty sleeping, they feel uneasy, irritation, and itching in the whole part of the body that causes their incomplete sleepy.

#6.Vaginal Dryness:
Vaginal dryness in women is widespread during Menopause. When a moderate amount of estrogen decreases in the vagina, it gets dried and rough. In this case, women notice itching and burning sensation.

#7. Irregular Heartbeats:
Women may experience irregular heartbeats during this stage, due to hot flashes, the heartbeats go either down or mostly up. They may feel their heart is racing.

#8. Sore Breast:
Due to irregular menstrual cycle, the number of hormones changes and affects the breast tissues, which cause pain in the breast.

#9. Weight Gain:
Weight gain is a common symptom of perimenopause. One of the main reason for this is a hormonal disturbance. Various hormones change during Menopause results in a weight gain of 2 to 3 Kg.

#10. Hair loss:
Hair loss is another result of hormonal imbalance during Menopause. It is due to less production of hormones like estrogen and progesterone. These are also two hair growth hormones.

#11. Headache:
Headache during Menopause is not like an ordinary headache; it is a hormonal headache. Sometimes this headache leads to migraine pain, but this migraine pain comes and goes with Menopause and usually lasts in 2 to 3 years after Menopause.

#12. Muscle Pain:
The pain that occurs during Menopause affects the joints of hand and feet, neck, and hurts any old injuries. It causes pain and inflammation due to a lack of estrogen hormone as estrogen hormone is helpful to reduce the inflammation in muscles and joints.

#13. Imbalance Libido:
Libido means sexual urge and satisfaction. Around Menopause, women feel either immense intimacy need or sometimes like to be away.

The urge is disturbed because of fewer hormones production in the body, and due to fewer hormones, the vagina gets dried and tight. In the absence of natural lubricant, any coitus activity in this stage becomes painful.

#14. Fatigue:
When menstrual periods of women stop, Fatigue can trouble them. Sometimes Fatigue remains for long and leads you to a restless life. Women can have low energy, dull feeling, and several bothersome ailments.

3 Stages of Menopause:


Menopause, if naturally, is not any physical ailment or disorder. Every woman has to undergo these three stages of Menopause:

  • Perimenopause:
    This is the first stage of Menopause which starts long before Menopause as soon as ovary starts less secretion of estrogen. The stage of perimenopause gets over when the ovary does not make eggs. Many women experience Perimenopause symptoms before they meet Menopause.

  • Menopause:
    If women do not get periods for long or more than a year, it means their ovary is not making eggs and has stopped estrogen secretion.

  • Postmenopausal:
    This stage comes after the Menopause. In this stage, women do not experience disorders like hot flashes, half in, sore breasts, but they have a rapid loss of estrogen as they get older.

Premature Menopause and its Causes


Sometimes women meet Menopause before 40 due to various reasons like genetic disorder, weak immune system, and some medical complications. Other causes of Premature Menopause are:

Ovarian Failure:
When ovaries do not release eggs permanently due to some medical complications, in this case, the level of estrogen and progesterone hormones fluctuates from time to time. Premature ovarian failure may not long last; it may be recovered.

Induced Menopause:
The ovary is a sensitive part of women’s body. There is a strong possibility of infection due to poor hygiene, and sometimes the infection spreads, and the doctor has to remove the ovary also called uterine cancer.

Common Treatment


Doctors do not suggest treatment for Menopause disorder if not necessary. This is a natural process that comes and goes by its own but sometimes if need doctors may ask you to do the treatments like:

  • Menopausal Hormonal Therapy:
    Therapy is also known as HRT. The patient is suggested to take some medicines to compensate for the hormones that the body is lacking. Some medicines are prescribed to tackle Menopausal symptoms like hot flashes and vaginal dryness. These medicines can be taken in moderate amounts only as a high dose of medicine can lead the patient at the risk of breast cancer and heart disease.

  • Hormone ointment:
    Some ointment or cream, containing estrogen hormones can be used. The cream is inserted and applied to the vagina to create the lubricant.

  • Vitamin D Supplement:
    Vitamin D is beneficial in menopausal treatment. It regulates the estrogen hormone. It also improves the depressed mood of the patient.

Home remedies for Menopause Symptoms


One should avoid medicines as long as possible while experiencing menopause symptoms. You can deal with this disorder by bringing changes in your lifestyle.

You can try:

  • Drink plenty of cold water, at least 1 to 2 bottles in a day. Try to regulate your body temperature by taking a shower twice or thrice in a day.
  • Use gel, moisturizer, or any lubricant cream to avoid dryness in the vagina.
  • Do half an hour of exercise or fast walk to be fit and healthy to avoid the risk of heart disease or other lifestyle diseases.
  • Take calcium-rich food and include natural Vitamin D in your daily meal.
  • Try to change your mood if you are depressed, do meditation, Yoga, Be socially active.
  • Avoid smoking and drinking. Tobacco and alcohol can shoot your hot flashes.
  • Take a sound sleep of 7 to 8 hours a day. Keep your mind calm and relaxed.
  • Avoid junk food; increase the number of natural nutrition in your food.

Physical Challenges in Menopause

Irregular and Imbalance hormones can create several health problems that can increase as you get older.

Some common complications are:

  • Weak Bones
  • Hypertension
  • Irregular Bowel movement
  • Memory loss
  • Skin diseases
  • Blur vision

When you meet menopause, you may face many problems like vaginal allergy, low libido, and other coitus complications.
You may not enjoy intercourse in this stage but do not stop such activities even it is painful. The regular intimacy will help you to regulate blood flow and vaginal health.