Care After Removal of Wisdom Teeth

| April 28, 2013
Care After Removal of Wisdom Teeth

Extraction of a wisdom tooth is such a serious surgical procedure. Hence, taking good care after its removal becomes more important. If you follow some instructions, you can minimize your mouth pain, swelling to a great extent.  So, we will discuss how to take good care after removing a wisdom tooth in this article.

What to do after extraction of Wisdom Tooth?

We will discuss the complications that generally occur after this procedure and prevent or cure them simultaneously. These points will help you know everything about care after the removal of wisdom teeth. 

#1. Bleeding
  • A little bit of bleeding is always expected after the surgery. 
  • Care After Removal of Wisdom Tooth
  • Oozing, slight bleeding, and redness in the saliva are very common after performing tooth extraction. 
  • Firstly, control the excessive bleeding, rinse the mouth, and wipe any clots present in your mouth.
  • After this, keep a gauze pad over the bleeding area and firmly bite for about 30 minutes. 
  • Repeat doing the same if needed.
  • If bleeding persists, then place a tea bag like the gauze pad for 30 minutes.
  • The tannic acid present in tea bags helps in forming a clot as it contracts the blood vessels.
#2. Swelling
  • It is a very common aftereffect of extraction of the tooth.
  • Swelling can come around the mouth, cheeks, and eyes.
  • Mild bruising and swelling is a human body’s natural response to any surgery. 
  • It shows healing and repairing after any surgical procedure.
  • You can minimize swelling by place ice packs immediately on the area affected. 
  • Or you can also place ice packs on the sides of the face where the surgery happened.
  • Keep doing this, and it will make the swelling disappear in some days.
  • If the swelling persists, you need not worry because it is a very common reaction of the human body towards surgeries
#3. Pain
  • If you have severe mouth pain, then have the medicine prescribed by the doctors to you. 
  • These medications make the patient groggy.
  • Do not work around machinery or drive an automobile.
  • This pain persists for 24 to 48 hours at least, and after that, the pain disappears.
  • If it does not go away, then go and let it be checked. 
#4. Diet 
  • After IV sedation or anesthesia, you should take liquids initially.
  • Make sure you drink anything directly from the glass and not with a straw. 
  • Because the suction motion while drinking from a straw will make you bleed more as this motion dislodges the blood clot. 
  • Chew from the side other than the surgical part. Take high calorie and high protein diet.
  • Keep taking fluids regularly and prevent dehydration. 
  • The food intake will remain limited for few days after surgery. 
  • But do not forget to compensate for this with fluids.
  • Consume 5 to 6 glasses of liquid daily, excluding ice tea.
  • Do not skip any meal as it will provide you more strength and less discomfort.
  • Eating at short intervals will make you heal faster. 
#5. Keep Your Mouth Clean
  • Do not rinse vigorously after this surgical procedure. 
  • Rinse 5 to 6 times a day, the day after surgery onwards. 
  • Rinse gently.
  • After eating something, rinse your mouth with warm water and added salt to it. 
#6. Discoloration
  • Bruising or discoloration is very common after wisdom teeth removal. Yellow, green, blue, or black discoloration may develop. 
  • It happens because blood spreads under the tissues. 
  • This situation is common after 2 or 3 days of the procedure. 
  • Bruising may go away in 14 days.
  • Avoid exposure to the sun while this condition occurs. 
#7. Antibiotics
  • If you are on antibiotics for your treatment, take those medications regularly as directed by your dentist.
  • Antibiotics will make you feel better and will treat infection. 
  • If you are getting rashes from antibiotics, talk to the doctor and ask whether to continue with medicines or not. 
#8. Nausea and Vomiting
  • It can occur after wisdom teeth removal because of exposure to general anaesthesia and other narcotic oral pain medicines.
  • For at least one hour after surgery, do not take anything directly, not even the medication.
  • After that, you can sip some ginger ale, coke, or tea.
  • When nausea goes on, you can consume solid food also and your prescribed medications. 

How Long Does Pain from Wisdom Tooth Extraction Last? 

You may experience difficulty opening your mouth. Also, stiffness and pain will occur in the jaw. This pain can last for a few days after surgery and may last for up to 2 weeks. Have a soft diet at least for a week. 

Do’s and Don’ts after Wisdom Tooth Extraction

  • Do not take caffeinated, alcoholic, or hot beverages for at least 24 hours after surgery.
  • Do not use a straw for drinking anything because the suction motion may affect your surgical spot very much. 
  • Eat soft food items only for the first 24 hours.
  • Keep rinsing your mouth with warm saline water.
  • Do not smoke after wisdom tooth extraction.
  • Do not take aspirin (You can take ibuprofen if needed)
  • Use ice packs to get relief from swelling and pain.
  • Give rest to your body after surgery.
  • Do not spit or rinse vigorously for 24 hours at least.

Wisdom Tooth Removal Complications

Most of the time, proper care after wisdom tooth extraction can prevent any long-term complications. However, you may need a surgical approach regularly to make an incision in the gum tissue and remove the bone.

Other complications may include: 

  • Dry and painful socket or exposure of the bone. 
  • Bacterial infection in the socket or may occur due to trapped food particles in this socket. 
  • Damage to near nerves, teeth, jawbone, or sinuses. 
  • When to Consult Your Doctor? 

    If you have any of the following symptoms after removing wisdom tooth, you should see your doctor as early as possible. These symptoms may indicate some nerve damage, infection, or any other complications. 

    • Excessive bleeding 
    • Fever 
    • Difficulty in breathing or swallowing 
    • Swelling worsening even after 2-3 days. 
    • Severe oral pain, not getting better with prescribed medicines. 
    • Pus in the socket 
    • Pus or blood in nasal discharge 
    • A persistent bad taste in the mouth 

    The Bottom Line

    Wisdom tooth extraction is considered a very common surgical procedure to prevent or fix issues with molars. You should eat only soft foods for at least 24 hours after wisdom tooth removal. After that, you can go back to your regular diet and daily activities. 

    If you do good care after the removal of the wisdom tooth, you may get it all treated completely in three days. It is imperative to follow the recovery tips after wisdom tooth removal. Ask your dentist if you face any complications.